In German we usually encounter verbs like: “umsteigen” (“to change (trains etc.)”), “aussteigen” (“to get out (of a train etc.)”), “einsteigen” (“to get on (trains etc.)”) and “ankommen” (“to arrive”) which are known as separable verbs.
This is because they can be separated into two parts – a prefix and a main verb. Most prefixes are prepositions (as in all the cases listed above), but they are occasionally adverbs, nouns, or adjectives.
- Components of a separable verb