1. Use Flashcards and Post-it Notes
Some of the first methods that come to mind for learning vocabulary are probably the use of flashcards and Post-it notes. Granted, these are not the most creative ideas, but they are tried and trusted, and do work, so we thought we should mention them briefly—with an added twist.
If you’re already using flashcards to learn German vocab, there’s a simple tweak you’ll want to make—which you can probably predict: Instead of writing down the translation in English, find an image to draw, paste or print on the other side. If you prefer virtual flashcards on apps, for example, use images from the Internet (try Google Bilder).
If you’re a fan of paper flashcards, try using a Karteibox (flashcard box). First of all, it’ll keep your cards organized. But more importantly, it’s a slick tool to clearly keep track of your progress. By dividing your cards into groups (i.e. new, somewhat know and know well), you can easily see the words you know already, the words you should go over again, and the words that are brand new, for example.
The possibilities of how you can structure and group your cards with this box are endless. Some other ideas would be to organize them by part of speech (noun, verb, adjective, etc.), gender, to assign certain words to each day of the week, or to divide them by subject.
Same goes for Post-it notes—at some point you might have tried them already. Write down words and post them up accordingly around the house, your office, in your car, etc. Each time you open the fridge you’ll read Kühlschrank, and each time you look in the mirror the word Spiegel will come to mind.
To be the most effective, you’ll have to consciously notice and read the word when you see it. If you create a relevant, context-rich sentence on the spot each time you run into one of your Post-it notes, you’ll have those words down in no time!
2. Start Using a Visual Dictionary
Okay, so this one might not be as obvious as it initially seems. After all, most people have never used visual dictionaries before, so it’s worth mentioning them.
Visual dictionaries are, just as their name suggests, dictionaries which are based on images. They show you the meaning of a word through a picture. They’re often used to teach a language to kids or illiterate adults, but are equally useful for learning vocabulary when studying a foreign language.
Especially when you’re just beginning to use images for your German learning, a visual dictionary will help you get used to this form of visual association quickly.
Try to make it a habit to only use visual dictionaries from now on. Whenever you don’t understand a word, look it up and add it to your Karteibox, for example.
There are many visual dictionaries online, such as the one at Bildworterbuch.com or the Bildwörterbuch von Hueber. If you prefer a hard copy version, Hueber has some good options too.
Here’s another trick you can easily adopt into your learning routine even without owning a visual dictionary: Rather than looking up an unknown German word in a dictionary right away, type the word into a Google Image search and see if you understand the meaning based on the images.
3. Read Children’s Books
Just like children’s books in English, German children’s books consist mostly of beautiful illustrations and simple words, making them perfect for beginner German learners. Some great examples would be the books from Langenscheidt, or these 15 children’s books to get you started.
With this method, try to emulate the way an actual child would use them. Read out loud while focusing on the images, and try to make personal associations with the words like we outlined earlier.
You can also do a Google Video search of the book’s German title to see if anyone has uploaded a recording of themselves reading the book out loud. This will provide another dimension to your learning, with the listening and pronunciation tied to the images now as well.
Then, if you can recite “Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?” by heart, what’s stopping you from doing the same with a classic German children’s book? Choose a favorite and try memorizing a page (or line) a day.
Later on, use the basic sentence structures or patterns from one of your preferred German children’s books and try writing your own children’s book in German. Draw the illustrations, or find images online to illustrate your story.
4. Play Memory Games
A perfect game to learn German with pictures is Wort-Bild-Memory (often called “Memory” in English). Just as the name suggests, it’s a memory match game based on pictures and words.
With a grid of cards facedown in front of you, each turn you flip over two cards, trying to turn over a pair where the image matches the word. If the two cards you’ve chosen are not a pair, turn them back over—facedown—and choose another two cards. You could time yourself and see how long it takes to find all of the pairs, or race against a friend if you have two sets of cards.
You can easily make your own cards and customize them to fit your needs, or you can use readymade ones. If you want to get started right away, you could even play this game or this game online.
Making your own Memory cards might seem time consuming, but we promise that the very act of drawing the images or searching for images online to print (using the German word in your image search, of course!) will help you learn the words even better.
Once you have no problems pairing up the words, try to make it more difficult by adding more word-image pairs, or even by adding some words or images without their pair into the mix.
5. Interact with Image-based Social Media in German
The web is full of images. And perhaps more importantly, it’s full of people interested in sharing these images with you. That’s something you should take full advantage of when learning German with pictures!
You probably spend a lot of time on image-based social media sites already, so why not make the most of it and use them to learn German too? Here are some specific ways to do that:
Pinterest. Curate an image collection on Pinterest—with captions and hashtags in German—and share your boards with fellow German students. One German pinner to get you started could be Patimc1. Her boards cover a wide spectrum of themes, everything from makeup to food and famous quotes. You can also check out Lise Bastel’s Sprüche, a collection of German jokes and sayings, or Bayern Tourismus, which has some gorgeous collections all about Bavaria! Whenever you’re browsing for something on Pinterest, do so in German.
Instagram. Similarly, when you browse Instagram, do it in German. Share your own images there with captions in German. If you’re looking for somewhere to get started, take a look at Thomas Kakareko‘s account. He’s a street photographer, and with more than 630k followers, he’s one of the top Instagramers in Germany. Don’t forget to follow your favorite German soccer player or music group—or even Angela Merkel!
WeHeartIt. Another site you could use to find images is WeHeartIt, an image sharing site which has a German version accompanied by a big German-speaking community. This makes it a great place for you to find images about Germany and all things German.
Photography. Finally, if you love photography, be sure to check out and get involved in some online photography communities, such as the View Fotocommunity (by Stern magazine) or Fotocommunity.de. Not only will you see some great and professional photographs, but you can really practice your German by browsing for specific images, commenting on pictures or taking part in discussions with native German speakers.
The idea is to channel all the images that German social media users have to offer and to use them as language learning tools. Keep in mind to do so exclusively in German, of course!
It will keep you interested, entertained and engaged in the language, plus you’ll quickly find yourself spending more time enthusiastically studying German than you had initially planned.
So there you have it, six ways to incorporate images into your German learning experience. Now go ahead and give them a try, and let us know which you like best!